Volume 2 Supplement 1

4th International Conference on Conservative Management of Spinal Deformities

Open Access

How much does the Dynamic Derotation Brace affect the surface deformity of children with idiopathic scoliosis?

  • Theodoros B Grivas1Email author,
  • Elias Vasiliadis1,
  • Georgios Koufopoulos1,
  • Georgios Triantafyllopoulos1 and
  • Vasilios Mouzakis1
Scoliosis20072(Suppl 1):S14

DOI: 10.1186/1748-7161-2-S1-S14

Published: 12 October 2007

Objective

The effect of the Dynamic Derotation Brace (DDB) on angle of trunk inclination (ATI) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) children was studied.

Study design

A prospective clinical study for the assessment of the influence of the DDB, a modified Boston Brace [1] with antirotatory blades, on the surface deformity of conservatively treated scoliotics was performed.

Methods

Thirty-six scoliotic children (32 female, 4 male) with a mean age of 13.9 years (range 12–17 years), a mean Cobb angle of 28.2 degrees (range 19–38) and a mean angle of trunk inclination (ATI) of 7.8 degrees (range 4–17) were included in the study. The examined children were divided in three subgroups according to the curve type. All the children were treated with the DDB with antirotatory blades and they wore the brace for twenty-three hours per day for a minimum duration of two years. The ATI was assessed using the Pruijs scoliometer [2] during the first examination and during the follow up, with the children out of the brace.

Results

For double curves, statistical analysis for ATI changes revealed that improvement in the thoracic region was not statistically significant (p < 0.088) but it was significant (p < 0.01) in the thoracolumbar and in the lumbar region (p < 0.013). For right thoracic curves, ATI improvement was not significant for all the examined regions. Finally for thoracolumbar curves ATI improved significantly in the thoracolumbar (p < 0.018) and in lumbar region (p < 0.027), but not in the thoracic region (p < 0.248).

Conclusion

The above findings indicate that in curves with a compensatory component (e.g. primary thoracic with compensatory lumbar curve), a deforming rotatory force is present, blocked by the derotatory action of the blades of the DDB, and seems to be more active in the lumbar spine. However DDB beneficially affects the surface deformity of AIS children with all but right thoracic curves.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Orthopaedic Department, "Thriasio" General Hospital

References

  1. Watts HG, Hall JE, Stanish W: The Boston brace system for the treatment of low thoracic and lumbar scoliosis by the use of a girdle without superstructure. Clin Orthop. 1977, 126: 87-92.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Pruijs JE, Keessen W, van der Meer R: School screening for scoliosis: the value of quantitative measurement. Eur Spine J. 1995, 4: 226-230. 10.1007/BF00303416.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Grivas et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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