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Table 2 Cobb magnitude measurements, 1990-20051

From: Reversal of childhood idiopathic scoliosis in an adult, without surgery: a case report and literature review

Vertebrae 1990 1994 1998 2001 2005
Method #1      
T4-T12 47 ± 2 38 ± 2 34 ± 1 28 ± 2 24 ± 2
L1-L4 26 ± 1 19 ± 2 17 ± 1 13 ± 1 10 ± 2
Method #2 2      
T4-T11 45 39 35 34  
T4-T10      33
T12-L4 30 24 22 22  
T11-L33      23
Method #2 4      
T4-T11 45 38    34
T5-T11    36   
T12-L4 27     22
  1. 1The values for the primary thoracic curvature are provided in bold-faced type. Method #1: values for Cobb angle represent means and standard deviation from triplicate readings by each of three readers independent of this study, according to protocols defined by Goldberg et al. [66]. Cobb magnitude mean values for the primary and secondary curvatures, in 1990, were statistically distinct from the mean values in 2005 (p < 0.001). Method #2: Two readers from independent institutions carried out non-blinded readings from film copies provided by the authors.
  2. 2Method #2, measurements by Reader #1.
  3. 3L2-L3 intervertebral space narrowing and degeneration with spur formation. The character of the primary thoracic curve from 1990-2005 was judged to be altered, from eight included vertebrae to seven (T4 - T11 to T4-T10). The altered endpoints are provided.
  4. 4Method #2, measurements by Reader #2. The character of the primary thoracic curve from 1990-2005 was judged to be altered, from eight included vertebrae to seven (T4-T11 to T5-T11). The altered endpoints are provided.