Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Principal papers showed in this review.

From: Scoliosis and dental occlusion: a review of the literature

Paper Type Main topic Sample Age Main result
McMaster J (1965)
Reference [7]
3 clinical cases Casual relationship between malocclusion and scoliosis, and viceversa 3 adolescents 10-15 years After orthodontic treatment, the author observed the improvment of posture
Paper Type Main topic Sample Age Main result
Rock and Baker (1972). Reference [9] Case-report Class II due to the weared cast A girl 14 years old to recommend the use of a removable appliance to prevent the malocclusion before the surgeon operation and during the period of the wearing the cast.
Paper Type Main topic Sample Age Main result
Dayan et al. (1977). Reference [10] Transversal Case-control study To compare facial morphology of children affected with scoliosis and treated with brace, with health children 15 5-19 years (mean 10 years) Children treated with braces (for their scoliosis) showed all vertical measurements of face significantly lower than the control group, and more protruted maxillary and mandibular bases
Paper Type Main topic Sample Age Main result
Hotchcock HP (1969).
Reference [8]
Observational study on prevalence Plagiocephaly in subjects with scoliosis 144   The study suggested the existence of an association between infantile scoliosis and plagiocephaly
Paper Type Main topic Sample Age Main result
Ben-Bassat Y et al. (2006)
Reference [16]
Observational study on prevalence Prevalence of scoliosis in patients with ereditated malocclusion 202 adolescents 10-15 The detection of hereditary orthodontic anomalies in young children allows the identification of a group of children who have a high risk of developing scoliosis in later years.
Paper Type Main topic Sample Age Main result
Segatto et al. (2008)
Reference [17]
Cohort study Malocclusion in subjects with idiopathic scoliosis 98 subjects with scoliosis and 705 controls 6.2 - 25.3; mean age 13.9 +/- 3.5 a significant higher prevalence of unilateral Angle class II (asymmetric class II malocclusion) was evident among the patients with scoliosis (21.9%) compared with the control group (8.5%). The differences between the two groups in the prevalence of the midline deviation were statistically significant both in the upper and the lower dental arches.
Paper Type Main topic Sample Age Main result
Lippold C et al. (2003).
Reference[18]
Case-control study To evaluate the differences in occlusion 28 with scoliosis and 68 health children Mean age 14.7 +/- 2.3 In the group of adolescents with scoliosis, infacts, the unilateral Angle class II relationship showed a significant higher prevalence respect to the control group
Paper Type Main topic Sample Age Main result
Lippold et al. (2007)
Reference[19]
Observational To compare 53 adult patients with Class II and Class III, but withut scoliosis 24.6 +/- 9 an orthopedic examination can be considered for patients undergoing an orthodontic-operative therapy, also when they don't show scoliosis.
Paper Type Main topic Sample Age Main result
Korbmacher H. et al. (2007).
Reference[22]
Case-control study Prevalence of scoliosis in subjects with jaw deformity 85 patients with jaw deformity and 20 control subjects adults Of the 85 patients with jaw deformity, 23 (27.1%) had a Cobb angle exceeding 10°. None of the control group had scoliosis exceeding 10°.
Paper Type Main topic Sample Age Main result
Pedrotti et al. (2007).
Reference[23]
Case-control To assess the congruence of the laterality of cross-bite and the orthopaedic asymmetry 55 children with unilateral cross-bite, and 55 children with asymmetric cervical spine (and no cross-bite) 3-10 among the children who revealed an asymmetric upper cervical spine, the unilateral crossbite was not necessarily combined with a pathological orthopaedic variable,
Paper Type Main topic Sample Age Main result
Lippold et al. (2000)
Reference[24]
A prevalence stuydy Prevalence of bilateral crossbite in subjects with scoliosis 428 9-14 an incidence of scoliotic attitudes of 9.5%, with a statistically significant relationship among that disorders of posture, and the presence of ogival palate with bilateral crossbite
Paper Type Main topic Sample Age Main result
Azuma Y et al. (1999);
D'Attilio M et al. (2005);
Poikela A et al. (1997);
Nerder PH et al. (1999).
References[3437]
Animal studies The appearence of scoliosis after an imbalance of occlusion animals / these experimental studies revealed a high level of asymmetry in craniofacial structures, temporomandibular structures and muscle functions after an experimentally induced crossbite