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Table 3 Three separate force profiles simulated for each patient-specific FE model - based on the mean and standard deviation in vivo measurements of Fairhurst et al. (2011)[10]

From: An FE investigation simulating intra-operative corrective forces applied to correct scoliosis deformity

Normalized vertebral level Force profile A (Mean + SD, [[10]]) Force profile B (Mean, [[10]]) Force profile C (Mean – SD, [[10]])
−3 (Superior-most vertebra) 580 400 230
−2 765 580 395
−1 895 675 455
0 (Apical Disc) 945 660 380
+1 750 550 355
+2 635 470 300
+3 (Inferior-most vertebra) 495 320 145
  1. Note that all forces are in Newtons.