Skip to main content

Table 2 Intra and inter-observer reliability and standard error of measurement (SEM) of the photographic measurements

From: Reliability and validity study of measurements on digital photography to evaluate shoulder balance in idiopathic scoliosis

Variable Intra-observer reliability (ICC) Inter-observer reliability (ICC) Standard error of measurement (SEM)
Back
LRTA 0.79 0.80 0.14
SHA 0.88 0.80 0.99
AHA 0.93 0.88 0.83
Front
LRTA 0.78 0.65 0.24
SHA 0.91 0.89 1.06
AHA 0.91 0.85 1.18
  1. LRTA (Left/right trapezium angle ratio); SHA (Shoulder height angle); AHA (Axilla height angle).