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Table 4 BMC values per skeletal site for AIS braced (AIS-B), AIS not-braced (AIS) and control (CON) groups

From: Does bracing affect bone health in women with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?

  AIS-B(n = 15) AIS(n = 15) CON(n = 19) ANOVA (p-value) ANCOVA* (p-value)
Arms 314.7 ± 74.6 324.4 ± 53.6 314.8 ± 33.2 0.85 0.84
Legs 911.4 ± 174.1 968.9 ± 195.2 963.7 ± 134.9 0.58 0.12
Pelvis 314.5 ± 75.7 347.4 ± 98.7 352.2 ± 64.6 0.36 0.16
Femur neck axis 2.1 ± 0.3a 2.3 ± 0.3 2.4 ± 0.34a 0.03 0.01
Femur neck 4.5 ± 0.1a 4.9 ± 0.6 5.1 ± 0.6a 0.06 0.02
Femur shaft 16.4 ± 2.0 16.9 ± 1.8 17.5 ± 2.0 0.24 0.05
Ward’s triangle 2.1 ± 0.5a 2.4 ± 0.5 2.5 ± 0.5a 0.11 .033
Spine-L1-L4 67.3 ± 13.0 67.5 ± 12.0 67.5 ± 10.2 0.99 0.55
Total body 2543.2 ± 522.5 2662.7 ± 502.1 2655.3 ± 323.8 0.71 0.27
  1. a = group effect.
  2. * = Covariates included total body lean mass, calcium and vitamin. D intake, past strenuous physical activity (Intensity 4) and current strenuous physical activity.
  3. Data are mean ± SD.
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