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Table 5 BMD values per skeletal site for AIS braced (AIS-B), AIS not-braced (AIS) and control (CON) groups

From: Does bracing affect bone health in women with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?

  AIS-B(n = 15) AIS(n = 15) CON(n = 19) ANOVA (p-value) ANCOVA* (p-value)
Arms 0.84 ± 0.12 0.85 ± 0.09 0.83 ± 0.04 0.83 0.58
Legs 1.21 ± 0.10 1.27 ± 0.11 1.26 ± 0.11 0.23 0.34
Pelvis 1.13 ± 0.11 1.14 ± 0.12 1.17 ± 0.09 0.56 0.78
Femur neck axis 0.92 ± 0.12a 0.96 ± 0.10 1.02 ± 0.13a 0.04 0.12
Femur neck 1.00 ± 0.11 1.02 ± 0.09 1.08 ± 0.10 0.07 0.17
Femur shaft 1.16 ± 0.12 1.20 ± 0.09 1.24 ± 0.14 0.24 0.24
Ward’s triangle 0.91 ± 0.12 0.93 ± 0.11 1.00 ± 0.15 0.08 0.16
Spine-L1-L4 1.17 ± 0.13 1.19 ± 0.09 1.22 ± 0.11 0.42 0.62
Total body 1.13 ± 0.09 1.15 ± 0.8 1.15 ± 0.06 0.67 0.84
  1. a = group effect.
  2. * = Covariates included total body lean mass, calcium and vitamin. D intake, past strenuous physical activity (Intensity 4) and current strenuous physical activity.
  3. Data are mean ± SD.
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