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Table 1 Physical characteristics and total plasma Ghrelin level in AIS patients and controls

From: Fasting total ghrelin levels are increased in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

  AIS (n=49) Controls (n=15) p
Age (yr) 14.3 ± 1.4 13.9 ± 1.6 0.23 †
Weight (kg) 48.3± 8.0 46.9 ± 10.8 0.98 †
Height 158.8 ± 7.3 158.1 ± 10.1 0.97 †
cHeight (cm) 163.2 ± 7.3 - 0.09 †
BMI (kg/m2) 19.1 ± 2.6 18.5 ± 2.5 0.42 §
cBMI (kg/m2) 18.1 ± 2.5 - 0.61 §
BMI Z −0.02 ± 1.14 −0.16 ± 1.01 0.67 §
cBMI Z −0.46 ± 1.23 - 0.39 §
Main curve Cobb angle (°) 56.1 ± 13.2 -  
2nd curve Cobb angle (n=25) 54.2 ± 12.9 -  
Ghrelin (pg/mL) 261.9 ± 120.3 146.1 ± 59.2 <0.001 †
  1. Values are shown as means ± SD. In controls, Corrected height (cHeight), corrected BMI (cBMI), corrected BMI Z-score (cBMI Z) were equal to height, BMI, BMI Z, of them respectively. † Wilcoxon non parametric test. § Student’s t-test