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Table 3 Patients with rod failures

From: Analysis of instrumentation failures after three column osteotomies of the spine

Patient no. Symptoms Intervention Outcome
Patient 5 Increasing back pain Replacement of rod and use of lateral connectors
Iliac crest bone graft
Fusion at the nonunion site
Patient 11 Increasing back pain Rod replacement
Use of BMP
Follow up less than 1 year
No implant failure noted
Patient 14 Worsening posture
Increasing back pain
Rod replacement
Use of BMP
Fusion at the nonunion site
Patient 19 Worsening standing balance
Back discomfort and muscle fatigue
Replacement of rod with lateral connectors
Use of BMP
Fusion at the nonunion site
Patient 20 Asymptomatic None
Patient 21 Increasing back pain Rod replacement
Iliac crest bone graft
Follow-up less than 1 year
No implant failure noted
Patient 25 Asymptomatic None