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Table 6 Participant characteristics of CON and AIS from all included studies

From: Does postural stability differ between adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis and typically developed? A systematic literature review and meta-analysis

Author
Year
Country and setting of participant recruitment CON AIS
N = Sample size, gender = ♀:♂ Age ± SD (years) Height ± SD (cm), weight ± SD (kg) N = Sample size, gender = ♀:♂ Cobb (°): range and/or mean ± SD, primary curve type Age ± SD (years) Height ± SD (cm), weight ± SD (kg)
Sahli et al. 2013 [42] CON: Community, Tunisia
AIS: Hospital, Tunisia
N = 12, gender = NR 13.2 ± 1.6 159.0 ± 8.0, 45.3 ± 6.6 N = 14, gender = 13:1 Range 10°–28°, N = 10 Right thoracic, N = 4 left lumbar 14.2 ± 1.6 160 ± 9.0, 51.8 ± 8.8
Park et al. 2013 [43] CON: NR
AIS: Hospital, South Korea
N = 15, gender = NR 14.7 ± 1.7 160 ± 6.0, 65.2 ± 10.4 N = 128, gender = NR G1: N = 57, range 10°–20°, 13.7° ± 2.6
G2: N = 34, range 20°–30°, 23.9° ± 3.2
G3: N = 37, range > 40°, 36.4° ± 5.8
G1:15.5 ± 1.8
G2:15.1 ± 1.6
G3:15.5 ± 1.9
G1: 160 ± 6, 51.2 ± 9.1
G2: 160 ± 6, 47.3 ± 8.1
G3: 160 ± 7, 50.0 ± 8.5
de Santiago et al. 2013 [44] CON: NR
AIS: Hospital, Brazil
N = 15, gender = 15:0 15.1 ± 1.5 159.7 ± 0.0, 51.2 ± 2.0 N = 15, gender = 15:0 69.5° ± 8.78, right thoracic 15.0 ± 1.6 156.8 ± 0.03, 46.1 ± 3.3
Stylianides et al. 2013 [45] CON: NR
AIS: Hospital, Canada
N = 25, gender = 25:0 13.1 ± 1.4 156.9 ± 6.9, 46.0 ± 7.4 N = 28, Gender = 28:0 35.0° ± 7.6, right thoracic 12.9 ± 1.6 155.1 ± 9.9, 44.7 ± 9.5
Gruber et al. 2011 [46] CON: NR
AIS: Hospital, Mexico
N = 10, gender = 10:0 11.9 ± 2.8 149.0 ± 14.0, 44.5 ± 7.7 N = 36, gender = 36:0 G1: N = 18 pre-brace 27° ± 6,
G2: N = 18 pre-op 52° ± 13,
Right thoracic predominantly
12.5 ± 2.0 154 ± 11.0, 48.6 ± 12.5
Dalleau et al. 2011 [47] CON: NR
AIS: NR
N = 20, gender = 20:0 12.5 ± 1.3 156.3 ± 7.7, 43.7 ± 6.9 N = 21, gender = 21:0 range 5°–28°,
13.5° ± 5.5, Right thoracic
11.7 ± 3.1 148.4 ± 17.0, 40.0 ± 13.3
Valles et al. 2009 [48] CON: NR
AIS: NR
N = 20, gender = NR NR NR, NR N = 16, gender = 13:3 NR 14.8 ± 2.1 151.9 ± 30.7, 59.8 ± 14.4
Beaulieu et al. 2009 [49] CON: Community, Canada
AIS: Hospital, Canada
N = 53, gender = 53:0 13.8 ± 1.0 159.2 ± 9.3, 49.9 ± 9.8 N = 49, gender = NR G1: N = 23 OB, 18.9° ± 7.1, N = 20 Right thoracic, N = 3 Right lumbar
G2: N = 26 PB, 27.2° ± 12.4, N = 25 Right thoracic, N = 1 Right lumbar
G1: 12.5 ± 2.4
G2: 12.2 ± 1.4
G1: 151.5 ± 10.7, 43.5 ± 10.9, G2: 152.3 ± 10.3, 42.1 ± 8.3
Zabjek et al. 2008 [50] Canada, CON: NR, AIS: NR N = 18, gender = 18:0 11.0 ± 2.0 144.0 ± 13.0, 39.0 ± 11.0 N = 22, gender = 22:0 21.0° ± 14.0, N = 8 Double, N = 7 Thoracolumbar, N = 7 Thoracic 12.2 ± 2.0 148.0 ± 11.0, 42.0 ± 12.0
Dalleau et al. 2007 [51] CON: NR
AIS: NR
N = 23, gender = 23:0 13.4 ± 1.0 161.5 ± 5.9, 50.0 ± 11.1 N = 23, gender = 23:0 29.4° ± 9.4, right thoracic 12.2 ± 1.5 154.0 ± 10.5, 44.4 ± 9.8
Simoneau et al. 2006 [52] Canada, CON: NR, AIS: NR N = 9, gender = 9:0 16.5 ± 1.7 NR, NR N = 8, gender = 7:1 45.6° ± 7.5, right thoracic 16.3 ± 2.1 NR, NR
Chow et al. 2006 [53] Canada, CON: NR, AIS: NR N = 20, gender = 20:0 13.5 ± 1.1 155 ± 6, 44.8 ± 5.1 N = 26, gender = 26:0 21.0° ± 3.0, N = 10 right primary, N = 16 left primary 13.0 ± 0.9 156.0 ± 5.0, 43.9 ± 5.8
Simoneau et al. 2006 [54] Canada, CON: NR, AIS: NR N = 10, gender = 10:0 16.5 NR, NR N = 8, gender = 7:1 45.6° ±7.5 16.4 NR
Allard et al. 2004 [55] CON: Community
AIS: NR
N = 36, gender = 36:0 13.5 ± 1.7 159.2 ± 8.4, 49.1 ± 10.3 N = 38, gender = 38:0 26.2° ± 11.5, right thoracic 12.4 ± 1.8 151.4 ± 11.2, 42.2 ± 9.3
Silferi et al. 2004 [56] CON: NR
AIS:NR
N = 15, gender = 15:0 range 11–16 NR, NR N = 15, gender = 15:0 NR range 11–16 NR, NR
Nault et al. 2002
[57]
Canada, CON: NR, AIS: NR N = 38, gender = 38:0 12.9 ± 2.0 156.7 ± 10.8, 45.3 ± 8.5 N = 43, gender = 43:0 29° ± 12, range 7°–52°, N = 39 right thoracic, N = 2 thoracolumbar, N = 2 lumbar 12.5 ± 1.7 153.1 ± 9.7, 43.2 ± 9.1
Chen et al. 1998
[58]
CON: NR
AIS: Hospital, Taiwan
N = 15, gender = 13:2 16.8 ± 3.1 NR, NR N = 30, gender = 28:2 range 22°–67° 16.6 ± 3.8 NR, NR
Sahlstrand et al. 1978 [59] CON: NR
AIS: Hospital, Sweden
N = 48, gender = 40:8 13.4 ± 1.7 NR, NR N = 32, gender = 27:5 NR 13.4 ± 2.1 NR
  1. G group, N number, NR not reported, OB observation group, PB pre-bracing group, SD standard deviation