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Table 1 Values measured using the proper software of the apparatus 4D Formetric DIERS (4DF) in the three cardinal planes

From: Truncal changes in children with mild limb length inequality: a surface topography study

Coronal view Min Max Mean value SD
Coronal imbalance 0 mm 46 mm 11.4 mm 11.6
Pelvic tilt/obliquity 0 mm 15 mm 6.6 mm 4.4
Lateral deviation 0.7 mm 12.9 mm 6.4 mm 3.2
Scoliosis angle 59° 17.5° 10.9
Sagittal view Min Max Mean value SD
Sagittal imbalance − 1° 11 4.3° 3.4
Kyphotic angle 31° 61° 41.5° 7.6
Kyphotic apex 70 mm 236 mm 146 mm 52.0
Lordotic angle 15° 51° 35.3° 9.2
Lordotic apex 264 mm 412 mm 324.1 mm 38.7
Trunk inclination 0.1° 11.5° 4.5° 3,3
Transverse view Min Max Mean value  
Pelvic rotation 2.5° 2.0
Pelvic torsion 2.3° 1.8
Surface rotation 1.1° 14.1° 5.0° 3.0
Vertebral rotation 51° 12.5° 9.9