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Table 1 Structure of the questionnaire. AIS: adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. In the rows have been listed: situation (the hypothetical situation in which the responders had to imagine to be before giving their answer), alternatives (hypothetical possibilities in the given situation), decision-making tools (information given to responders to be able to answer), question – which strategy ? (possible choices for the answer).

From: Social acceptability of treatments for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a cross-sectional study

Situation Alternatives Decision-making tools Question Which strategy?
AIS with a 25% risk of progression; consequence if it progresses: bracing until growth is complete • Do nothing, periodic check-ups
Specific physical exercises until growth is complete, in an attempt to prevent progression
• scientific evidence (no proof for or against physical exercises as means of preventing progression)
• advantages and disadvantages of each alternative
• Physical exercises until growth is complete, in an attempt to prevent/delay bracing
• Periodic check-ups, bracing only if scoliosis progresses
AIS with a 60% risk of progression; consequence if it progresses: surgical correction • Do nothing, periodic check-ups
• Bracing until growth is complete
• scientific evidence (proof of the efficacy of bracing, but not in all cases)
• advantages and disadvantages of each alternative
• Immediate bracing, in order to avoid surgical correction
• Periodic check-ups, bracing only if scoliosis progresses
• No bracing at all, periodic check-ups, surgical correction if scoliosis progresses
School screening for AIS • not to screen
• to screen
• Scientific evidence (absence of consensus): pros and cons • not to screen
• to screen