Skip to main content

Volume 10 Supplement 1

IRSSD 2014 Meeting Abstracts

The relationship between spinal and pelvic parameters in the Japanese patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis


Several studies have shown that sagittal pelvic morphology influences the sagittal spinal morphology in normal adults. However, the relationship between pelvic and spinal parameters throughout the growth process in children is poorly defined in Japan. This study aimed to clarify the influence of pelvic parameters on spinal parameters in the Japanese children with idiopathic scoliosis.


A total of 48 consecutive patients with idiopathic scoliosis (all female, mean age 15.9 years, range 12-20 years) were recruited from a single institution. All patients underwent standing posteroanterior and lateral radiographs of the spine and pelvis with their fists overlying the ipsilateral clavicle. Pelvic incidence (PI), sacral slope (SS), and pelvic tilt (PT) were measured as the pelvic parameters. Thoracic kyphosis (TK) and lumbar lordosis (LL) were measured as the sagittal spinal parameters. We divided the patients with scoliosis into hypokyphosis thoracic (H) and normal kyphosis (N) groups.


The mean angles were the Cobb angle 54.7 degrees, TK 14.0 degrees, LL 49.7 degrees, PI 46.9 degrees, SS 35.8 degrees, and PT 11.1 degrees, respectively. There was no correlation between the coronal Cobb angle and the pelvic parameters, whereas PI and TK (R=0.5), TK and LL (R=0.63), and PI and LL (R=0.7) were significantly correlated. The PI in the H group (41.4 degrees) was significantly smaller than in the N group (50.9 degrees).


PI, LL, TK were correlated. Whereas, Cobb angle had no influence on pelvic parameter. These results suggested that patients with a lower PI may not grow into normal thoracic kyphosis or patients with hypokyphosis may not grow into a normal PI in the Japanese scoliosis patients.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ito, K., Imagama, S., Ito, Z. et al. The relationship between spinal and pelvic parameters in the Japanese patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis 10 (Suppl 1), O42 (2015).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI:


  • Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
  • Idiopathic Scoliosis
  • Cobb Angle
  • Pelvic Tilt
  • Lumbar Lordosis