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Volume 10 Supplement 1

IRSSD 2014 Meeting Abstracts

  • Poster presentation
  • Open Access

Pseudotail, scoliosis and syndactly, is it new syndrome?

  • 1,
  • 2 and
  • 1
Scoliosis201510 (Suppl 1) :P1

  • Published:


  • Congenital Malformation
  • Pathology Report
  • Spine Deformity
  • Young Brother
  • Tethered Cord


Pseudotail is uncommon congenital malformation of the spine, it contains bone, cartilage, notochord and elements of spinal cord. Usually presented as protrusion of the coccygeal vertebra.

It may come as solo deformity or in association of tethered cord, myelomeningoceol and other spine deformity, can be part of syndrome, never been reported.

It's different from true tail, which usually protrude outside the skin as true cutaneous appendages that protrude at the lumbosacral region.


We are presenting a case series; four patients; two sisters, their brother and one cousin, all presented with triad; pseudotail, congenital scoliosis and polysyndactaly in both hands and feet.

This can be syndrome we call it Alfawareh syndrome.


We are reporting new syndrome, presented in a family, two sisters, their younger brother and their cousin.

All presented with the triad, polysyndactly was obvious at birth, hard mass bony mass at the tail bone, with pain, uncomfortable setting, in addition of complex polydactaly and scoliosis.

X ray was reviewed, CT scans and also MRI was reviewed for all patients.

Scoliosis correction was done in two out of four; pseudotail was excised in two out of four.

Pathology report also was reviewed.


We are reporting a family of two sisters, their brother and cousin presented at different ages 4 to 14 years.

All presented with triad of polysyndactly, in all was managed and operated by hand surgeon at another institution, scoliosis and pseudotail.

Physical examination was unremarkable but syndactlay of hands and feet, rib hump and pseudotail, skin dimple, hard bony mass protruding posteriorly, tender on pressure and atrophic overlaying skin.

Two were underwent scoliosis surgery and pseudotail excision others on observation.


Successful results, both of them also get scoliosis surgery, the oldest get permanent fusion while the little brother gets growing rods.

The other two patients still on regular follow up.


Pseudotail can be part of syndrome, we reported four patients- case series presented with triad of pseudotail, scoliosis and syndactlay, we name it Alfawareh Syndrome.

Authors’ Affiliations

King Fahd Medical City, Saudi Arabia
Pronce Mohammad Bn Abdulaziz Hospital, Saudi Arabia


© Alfawareh et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.