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Table 3 List of individual complications occurring in the different scoliosis aetiologies as found in the reviewed literature

From: Rate of complications in scoliosis surgery – a systematic review of the Pub Med literature

Complication NM AS IS CS Mixed
Death 6,5% (3S) 2,5% 0,03%   
Pseudarthrosis (7S) 13,1% (7S) 17,5% (5S) 5%   (4S) 23%
Deep wound infection (3S) 13,2%   (S2) 3,1%   4,7%
Neurologic Complications   (2S) 7,5% (3S) 1,5% 9% (4S) 2,7%
Delayed Infection    (2S) 2,9%   
Pedicle screw mispl.    (2S) 15,8%   10,5%
Delayed Paraparesis    X   
  1. Individual complications as have been found in the literature reviewed for the rates of complications [13, 68, 69, 71, 77, 88, 135, 138215] as a descriptive analysis for neuromuscular scoliosis (NM), adult scoliosis (AS), idiopathic scoliosis (IS), congenital scoliosis (CS) and scoliosis of mixed aetiology (Mixed). Whenever there was more than one study found describing a certain complication rate, the number of studies (S) has been given and the rates have been averaged. X = described once.