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End of treatment results for SEAS exercises: a controlled retrospective study


The efficacy of SEAS exercises in the short term (1 year) is established in a controlled prospective study. The efficacy results at the end of treatment have not been presented.


To verify the end of treatment results of SEAS exercises.

Study design

Retrospective controlled study.


One hundred and twenty two AIS patients of 13.8 ± 3.1 years at start, 15.8 ± 11.9° Cobb and 5.6 ± 3.1° Bunnell, who consecutively completed an exercise treatment (on average 2.2 ± 1.7 years), have been included. They have been divided into two groups: SEAS exercises (SE: 33) and usual physiotherapy (UP: 89).


The validated outcome criteria included Cobb and Bunnell degrees, hump, sagittal configuration and Aesthetics Index. Data was compared with similar control groups from the literature. Statistical analysis included paired t-test, ANOVA and Kruskall-Wallis tests.


SE group showed a statistically significant decrease of maximal Cobb and Bunnell degrees and hump, with better sagittal profile and aesthetics. The UP group showed a slight worsening of scoliosis parameters and flattening of sagittal profile. In addition, aesthetics improved for both groups when compared to similar controls in the literature.


End of treatment SEAS exercises demonstrate better results than UP and controls. Improvements were seen in almost all clinically important parameters.


  1. Negrini S, Fusco C, Minozzi S, Atanasio S, Zaina F, Romano M: Exercises reduce the progression rate of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: results of a comprehensive systematic review of the literature. Disabil Rehabil. 2008, 30 (10): 772-85. 10.1080/09638280801889568. Review.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Negrini, S., Romano, M., Negrini, A. et al. End of treatment results for SEAS exercises: a controlled retrospective study. Scoliosis 4 (Suppl 1), O28 (2009).

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