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Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders

Open Access

BRACE MAP, a proposal for a new classification of braces

  • Stefano Negrini1,
  • Fabio Zaina1 and
  • Salvatore Atanasio1
Scoliosis20094(Suppl 1):O43

Published: 15 January 2009


Public HealthConservative TreatmentTheoretical DevelopmentCommon ReferenceDetailed Classification


The existing classification of braces considers only the anatomical spinal section involved (C: cervical; T: thoracic; L: lumbar; S: sacral; Orthosis). The lack of a more detailed classification restricts the ability to distinguish between the braces and to provide a common reference between the conservative treatment experts.


To propose and to verify a new classification of braces.


Theoretical development of a classification and an application to 13 different braces (Boston, Charleston, Cheneau 2000, Lapadula, Lyonese, Maguelone, Milwaukee, PASB, Providence, Sforzesco, Sibilla, SpineCor, Triac).


We considered the following items (acronym BRACE MAP): Building, Rigidity, Anatomical classification, Construction of the Envelope, Mechanism of Action, Plane of action. Each item is composed by 2 to 7 classificatory elements defined using one or maximum two letters, so that from the classification it is possible to come back to the brace characteristics (e.g. SpineCor is classified as CpETAM3, that means Custom positioning, Elastic, TLSO, Asymmetric, Movement principle, 3D correction).


Out of the 13 braces considered, BRACE MAP did provide the ability to differentiate between the braces except for two types.


This first proposal needs to be refined through Consensus during the meeting; nevertheless, it appears to be useful in distinguishing between the existing braces.

Authors’ Affiliations

ISICO (Italian Scientific Spine Institute), Milan, Italy


© Negrini et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.