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Using mixed methods in clients with spinal cord injury to promote a smooth transition from hospital to society


To discover the features needed to progress and to identify which factors promote a smooth transition from hospital to society.


A mixed method design was used, which combined qualitative (Parse research method) and quantitative research strategies. Phase 1, the parse research method was used on 15 participants with spinal cord injuries. The central finding of this phase was the following: the experience of moving forward is a triumph over handicaps. This occurs due to a transition of thoughts amid an open mind and due to a confirmation of self-worth emerging from faith. Phase 2, the purpose of this phase was to gain an understanding of how smooth transition clients function with their spinal cord injury. This was accomplished through data collection and analysis. The conceptual framework was build up through the result of phase 1 and literature review. The questionnaire was designed sequentially within the qualitative research, including demographic data, characteristics of the spinal cord injury, clients' self-perception, self-efficacy scale and social support. Four targets local Spinal Injury Association were drawn on the basis of cluster random sampling from the total of 23 Taiwan Spinal Injury Association. The participants were selected from each association through convenience sampling. The total number of participants is 210.


The results show that 164 participants (80%) have moved forward already, and the others have not. There were significant correlations between moving forward and clients' self-perception, and self-efficacy. The findings are stronger when you combine a system of hospital and society to promote clients smooth transition. Finally, the continuing care and long-term service system is established. The nursing philosophy is extended from client-family centered care to the whole society.


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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Chen, HY. Using mixed methods in clients with spinal cord injury to promote a smooth transition from hospital to society. Scoliosis 4 (Suppl 1), P2 (2009).

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