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Controversial Issue Session: Brace treatment in infantile scoliosis: brace treatment problems

Orthotic treatment of infantile scoliosis represents a challenge:

  1. 1.

    Most of them are progressive

  2. 2.

    Different etiologies

  3. 3.

    Associated diseases

  4. 4.

    Smaller size anatomy

  5. 5.

    Immature rib cage


1. Braces

• Do not provide immediate correction

• Treatment aimed to “hold” the spine and prevent further progression

• Risk of chest deformity in case of braces constricting the thorax

• Literature does not support the efficacy of braces in the treatment of infantile scoliosis

• Poor compliance (Parents)

2. Casts/Braces under traction

• Provide correction. Sometimes scoliosis can be reversed by early treatment with serial corrective plaster jackets in children with mild curves and at an early age (under age two)

• Immature rib cage often deforms before significant correction is transmitted to the spine

• May provoke skin problems

• They may reduce the deformity but not reverse it

• Main goal: delay surgery as much as possible

• Braces under traction diminish cast complications with the same efficacy in the long term

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Sánchez Pérez-Grueso, F. Controversial Issue Session: Brace treatment in infantile scoliosis: brace treatment problems. Scoliosis 7 (Suppl 1), O75 (2012).

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