Volume 9 Supplement 1

11th International Conference on Conservative Management of Spinal Deformities - SOSORT 2014 Annual Meeting

Open Access

Conservative treatment in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with curves over 45°: is the measurement in Cobb degrees the only parameter to be considered?

  • Angelo Gabriele Aulisa1,
  • Vincenzo Guzzanti1,
  • Marco Giordano1,
  • Francesco Falciglia1,
  • Marco Fuiano2 and
  • Lorenzo Aulisa2
Scoliosis20149(Suppl 1):O23

https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-9-S1-O23

Published: 4 December 2014

Background

The recent literature showed positive results in bracing patients with idiopathic scoliosis above 45° that refused surgery. However, no one has investigated whether other parameters are able to affect the results.

Aim

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the brace in idiopathic scoliosis with curves above 45° and to assess whether the magnitude of the curve in Cobb degrees is the only parameter for the indication to surgical or conservative treatment.

Design

This is a prospective study based on ongoing database including 1,238 patients with idiopathic scoliosis .

Methods

The study including idiopathic scoliosis with 45° or more, Risser 0-4, who had utterly deny any surgical intervention. Fulfill the inclusion criteria 160 patients. Of these, 104 patients has definite outcome, 28 abandoned treatment and 28 are currently under treatment. The minimum duration of follow-up was 24 months. X-rays was used to to obtain Cobb degrees and torsion of the apical vertebra (Perdriolle's method). Three outcomes were distinguished in agreement with SRS criteria: curve correction, curve stabilization and curve progression. We have divided the sample in subgroup according to Risser (0-2; 3-4), to rotation (<20; >25) and to type of Curve. The Kruskal Wallis and Spearman Rank Correlation tests have been used as statistical tests.

Results

The results from our study showed that the 104 patients with a definite outcome Cobb mean value was 47 ± 5.37 SD at beginning and 34.18 ±8.45 SD at follow-up. Perdriolle was 20.2 ± 5.49 SD at beginning and 16.76 ± 7.04 at follow-up. Curve correction was accomplished in 81 patients (77.8%), whereas a curve stabilization was obtained in 15 patients (14.4%), 9 patients (8.6%) have a curve progression and 16 (15.4%) where recommended for surgery. The subgroups with rotation <20 showed a correction/stabilization in 98.1% and surgery referral in 1.8% while in subgroups with rotation >25 a correction/stabilization was achieved in 69.4% but surgery referral in 60.8%. The subgroups with risser 0-2 showed a correction/stabilization in 92.6% and surgery referral in 10.3% while in subgroups with risser 3-4 a correction/stabilization was achieved in 91.6% but surgery referral in 25%.

Conclusion

Results allow to say that an adequate conservative treatment must be absolutely considered in the treatment of scoliotic curves in patients who refuse surgery, in particular if the rotation is lower than 20 and Risser is between 0-2, the results will be better.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
UOC Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Childrens Hospital Bambino Gesu
(2)
Department of Orthopaedics, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Copyright

© Aulisa et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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