Volume 9 Supplement 1

11th International Conference on Conservative Management of Spinal Deformities - SOSORT 2014 Annual Meeting

Open Access

Conservative treatment with brace and exercise for hyperkyphosis: a retrospective observational cohort study

  • Salvatore Minnella1,
  • Sabrina Donzelli1,
  • Monia Lusini1,
  • Fabio Zaina1,
  • Michele Romano1,
  • Alessandra Negrini1 and
  • Stefano Negrini2
Scoliosis20149(Suppl 1):O39

https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-9-S1-O39

Published: 4 December 2014

Background

There are different types of hyperkyphosis which require specific strategies of treatment but there is little evidence in regard to its conservative treatment.

Aim of the study

This study aim to assess conservative treatment of idiopathic and Scheuermann’s kyphosis by brace and specific exercise

Design

This is a retrospective observational study on consecutive outpatients from a prospective database started in March 2003

Methods

Setting

Outpatient tertiary referral clinic specialized in conservative treatment of spinal deformities.

Participants

In December 2013, among all the patients below 18 years of age at first evaluation, present in the database, we selected those respecting the following inclusion criteria:

• diagnosis of idiopathic or Scheuermann’s kyphosis

• at least two clinical evaluations at the time of therapy start (T0) and stop (T1)

• spinal X-rays (lateral projection) at the time T0 and T1

Treatments

All patients underwent conservative treatment with rigid braces, specific for hyperkiphosis, associated with specific exercises. The brace was prescribed for at least 18 hours a day at the beginning of therapy.

Statistics

We compared clinical and radiographic variations between start and end of therapy. Primary outcome criteria: percentage of patients worsened (>5°), stable or improved. Secondary: thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), C7 and L3 distance from plumbline, sagittal index (SI), which is the distance from plumbline of C7 plus L3. We used descriptive statistics to point out average values of secondary outcome parameters and their standard deviation.

Results

We included 35 patients, mean age 14.2±1.8 (19 males).

Mean duration of treatment was 3.06±1.03 years. In regard to our primary outcome we found 23 patients improved (66%), 8 stable (23%) and 4 worsened (11%).

Highly significant improvements were found for the main spinal parameters: TK reduced from 54.8±10° to 44.8±10° (p<0,001), LL from 55.1±8.28° to 50.9±9° (p=0.04), SI from 113.1±21mm to 89±30mm (p=0.003) and C7 from 58.6±12mm to 47.5±13mm (p=0,001); while L3 changed from 53±12mm to 47±13mm (NS).

Conclusion

According to our results conservative treatment with a rigid brace and specific exercise is an effective therapy of hyperkyphosis. It can significantly change both clinical and radiological parameters restoring more physiological values.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
ISICO, Italian Scientific Spine Institute
(2)
University of Brescia, IRCCS Don Gnocchi

Copyright

© Minnella et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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