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Body image in idiopathic scoliosis: a comparison study of psychometric properties between four patient-reported outcome instruments

Background

Four patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments are used to assess body image in idiopathic scoliosis (IS): Quality of Life Profile for Spinal Deformities (QLPSD), SRS-22 Self Image scale, Spinal Appearance Questionnaire (SAQ), and Trunk Appearance Perception Scale (TAPS).

Aim

To compare the psychometric properties of these four assessment instruments.

Design: This is a cross-sectional study. Inclusion criteria were patients with IS, 10 to 40 years old, Cobb angle ≥25°, without previous surgical treatment..

Methods

80 patients (mean age 20.3 years) were included. The four instruments in a Spanish version were administered. In addition, full-spine x-ray was obtained. Sample was stratified into two groups according to Cobb angle (less and more than 45º). Psychometric properties studied included internal consistency, convergent (correlation between self-image scales and Cobb angle) and divergent validity (correlations with Health Related Quality of Life domains: function, pain, mental health, measured through SRS-22).

Results

All the PRO instruments presented high internal consistency (QLPSD Body Image, α=0.80; SRS-22 Image, α=0.78; SAQ, α=0.89; TAPS, α=0.87).Pictorial scales showed higher correlations with Cobb angle (SAQ Appearance r=0.61 and TAPS r=-0.62) than textual scales (QLPSD-bi (r=0.36; SRS-22 Self-Image r=-0.41).The four image scales showed significant correlations with other HRQL SRS22 dimensions (from r=-.2 to 0.7).

Conclusions

All four instruments have good psychometric properties. To evaluate patients with IS is advisable to add pictorial image perception scales to HRQL assessment instruments.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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DAgata, E., Matamalas, A., Bago, J. et al. Body image in idiopathic scoliosis: a comparison study of psychometric properties between four patient-reported outcome instruments. Scoliosis 9, O74 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-9-S1-O74

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-9-S1-O74

Keywords

  • Body Image
  • Psychometric Property
  • Idiopathic Scoliosis
  • Cobb Angle
  • Assessment Instrument