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Table 2 Adjusted mean estimates, standard errors and associated significance values for the SRS-22r, Spinal Appearance Questionnaire scores and the Biering-Sorensen test by visit and group predicted by the linear mixed effects models for the Intention-To-Treat analysis (ITT)

From: The effect of Schroth exercises added to the standard of care on the quality of life and muscle endurance in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis—an assessor and statistician blinded randomized controlled trial: “SOSORT 2015 Award Winner”

  Schroth (N = 25) Control (N = 25) 0 to 3 months difference in change between groups 3 to 6 months difference in change between groups
  Mean SE Mean SE p-value p-value
(SRS 22r Pain baseline)4 422.84 31.53 348.63 31.36 0.45 /
(SRS 22r Pain 3 month)4 460.76 32.37 415.71 32.62 0.02*
(SRS 22r Pain 6 month)4 525.99 33.38 395.68 32.36 /
SRS 22r Self-Image baseline 4.00 0.12 3.91 0.12 0.14 /
SRS 22r Self-Image 3 month 3.85 0.12 3.97 0.13 <0.05*
SRS 22r Self-Image 6 month 3.98 0.13 3.81 0.13 /
(SRS 22r Function baseline)4 444.54 46.83 413.56 49.34 0.67 /
(SRS 22r Function 3 month)4 442.84 47.44 395.94 50.45 0.43
(SRS 22r Function 6 month)4 485.29 48.48 408.33 50.68 /
SRS 22r Total baseline 4.25 0.07 4.15 0.07 0.83 /
SRS 22r Total 3 month 4.29 0.07 4.18 0.07 0.08
SRS 22r Total 6 month 4.40 0.07 4.15 0.07 /
\( \sqrt{SAQ\ prominence} \) baseline 1.13 0.08 1.16 0.08 0.06 /
\( \sqrt{SAQ\ prominence} \) 3 month 1.26 0.08 1.16 0.08 0.33
\( \sqrt{SAQ\ prominence} \) 6 month 1.26 0.08 1.22 0.09 /
SAQ Shoulders baseline 2.48 0.20 2.57 0.20 0.38 /
SAQ Shoulders 3 month 2.74 0.19 2.51 0.18 0.21
SAQ Shoulders 6 month 2.70 0.20 2.70 0.19 /
(SAQ Waist^-0.3) baseline 0.86 0.03 0.87 0.03 0.46 /
(SAQ Waist^-0.3) 3 month 0.84 0.03 0.87 0.03 0.58
(SAQ Waist^-0.3) 6 month 0.81 0.03 0.87 0.04 /
SAQ Trunk shift baseline 1.75 0.19 1.74 0.20 0.30 /
SAQ Trunk shift 3 month 1.93 0.19 1.69 0.20 0.26
SAQ Trunk shift 6 month 1.92 0.19 1.94 0.20 /
log (SAQ Chest baseline) 0.39 0.25 0.49 0.25 0.99 /
log (SAQ Chest 3 month) 0.58 0.25 0.68 0.25 0.13
log (SAQ Chest 6 month) 0.74 0.28 0.62 0.28 /
SAQ General baseline 2.71 0.18 2.64 0.18 0.71 /
SAQ General 3 month 2.84 0.19 2.44 0.19 0.60
SAQ General 6 month 2.64 0.21 2.41 0.20 /
Sorensen baseline 117.38 12.19 120.96 12.30 0.04* /
Sorensen 3 month 149.63 12.40 125.77 12.97 0.89
Sorensen 6 month 154.10 12.58 132.09 12.83 /
  1. All significant differences at the level of <0.05 are marked with*