Volume 10 Supplement 1

IRSSD 2014 Meeting Abstracts

Open Access

Differences between pre-existing type and de novo type left convex thoracolumbar / lumbar scoliosis

  • Takahiro Iida1,
  • Yasumasa Ohyama1,
  • Jyunya Katayanagi1,
  • Kazuyuki Matsumoto1,
  • Hirokazu Furukawa1,
  • Takashi Tomura1 and
  • Satoru Ozeki1
Scoliosis201510(Suppl 1):O33

https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S1-O33

Published: 19 January 2015

Introduction

Lenke 5C type adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with a Cobb angle of over 30 degrees has high risk of progression. The need for corrective surgeries for degenerative lumbar scoliosis has been increasing these days and some of those cases are pre-existing type scoliosis. However, it is said to be difficult to differentiate pre-existing type scoliosis from de novo type scoliosis. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relevant X ray metrics of degenerative lumbar scoliosis and to discover differences between pre-existing and de novo type scoliosis.

Methods

Of 54 consecutive patients who were diagnosed as candidates for corrective surgery for left convex thoracolumbar / lumbar scoliosis since December 2008, 19 patients over age 50 were included in this study. The average age was 60 years old (50-80 years old). All patients were female. Coronal and Sagittal parameters were contrasted between two groups divided according to the existence of scoliosis in their adolescence; clear (AIS) and unclear (de novo).

Results

Eleven were AIS, and 8 were de novo. The average age was 54.0 years old for AIS and 67.4 for de novo (p<0.05, Fig. 1). Cobb angles (69°, 49°) and L4 tilt (30°, 22°) were found to be significantly greater in AIS (Fig. 2). Nash-Moe rotation assessment showed that rotational deformity was greater in AIS type than in de novo type. Lumbar lordosis (28°, 32°), thoracolumbar kyphosis (24°, 12°), sagittal vertical axis (37mm, 58mm), and pelvic incidence (51°, 60°) showed no significant difference between the groups, however, pelvic tilt (24°, 33°) showed significant difference (Fig. 3).
Figure 1

Age distribution of both group The average age was significantly higher for de novo than for AIS.

Figure 2

Cobb angle Cobb angle was found to be significantly greater in AIS.

Figure 3

Pelvic tilt Pelvic tilt showed significantly larger in De novo.

Conclusion

Among patients over 50 with degenerative thoracolumbar / lumbar scoliosis, those with pre-existing type scoliosis were found to have greater Cobb angle, greater L4 tilt, greater rotational deformity, less pelvic tilt, and were candidates for surgery at a younger age than those with de novo type scoliosis. In other words, those with de novo type scoliosis have less coronal deformity and worse sagittal pelvic alignment than those with pre-existing type scoliosis and are not considered candidates for surgery until a more advanced age. This study demonstrates some differences between pre-existing and de novo type scoliosis, contrasts the natural history of the two types of candidates for thoracolumbar / lumbar scoliosis surgery, and suggests the importance of performing surgery for Lenke 5C type adolescent idiopathic scoliosis at a younger age.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dokkyo Medical University Koshigaya Hospital

Copyright

© Iida et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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