Volume 10 Supplement 1

IRSSD 2014 Meeting Abstracts

Open Access

Sagittal plane alignment evaluation during walking in adult spinal deformity: gait analysis using DARTFISH

  • Junya Katayanagi1,
  • Takahiro Iida1,
  • Yasumasa Oyama1,
  • Akihisa Ato1,
  • Ken Mine1,
  • Takashi Toumura1 and
  • Satoru Ozeki1
Scoliosis201510(Suppl 1):P21

https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S1-P21

Published: 19 January 2015

Background

There are many evaluation tools of spinal deformities such as sagittal vertical axis (SVA), lumbar lordosis (LL), thoracic kyphosis (TK), pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic incidence (PI), sacral slope (SS) and so on. But no reliable parameters have been defined for measurements of spinal alignment during gait analysis.

Objective

The purpose of this study is to assess the validity of our EGA-DARTFISH kinetic analysis parameter against established x-ray parameters and to evaluate its viability as an alternative to SVA.

Material and method

We researched consequent 40 adult spinal deformity patients in our institute during January 2012 to January 2013. The mean age of patients was 60.1 years old. The research item was SVA, LL, TK, PT, PI, SS and EGA. We have movie recording from the side of the patients walking. We set markers at the External auditory pore and the Greater trochanter, and de fine the straight line between them as the EG line. We then measure the angle between the horizontal and EG lines. We call the angle “EGA-DARTFISH” if measured (over time) during gait analysis, and “EGA-XP” if measured radiographically. [Fig. 1, 2] We used the StatFlex ver.6.0 the statistical processing. We were calibrated in order to perform more accurate measurement. In this measurement, distortion at the screen edges is negligible.
Figure 1

a: External auditory pore, b: Greater trochanter, c: “EGA”

Figure 2

A: “EGA-DARTFISH” B: “EGA-DARTFISH”

Result

The average of various parameters were SVA = 88.2mm, EGA-XP = 85 degrees, EGA-DARTFISH = 77.7 degrees. There was light negative correlation between SVA and EGA (r=-0.642). There was no correlation in the group of less than 50mm SVA (-0.007), on the other hand there was strong negative correlation in the group of 50mm to 150mm SVA (-0.813) [Fig. 3]. There was strong positive correlation between EGA-DARTFISH and EGA-XP (r=0.742) [Fig. 4]. The difference between EGA-XP and EGA-DARTFISH was 6.05 degrees. This study suggested that patients would stoop of about 6 degrees during walking.
Figure 3

SVA ≤ 50mm group, r = -0.007 (no correlation), 50 < SVA ≤ 150mm group, r = -0.813 (strong negative correlation)

Figure 4

r = 0.727 moderate positive correlation

Conclusion

Gait analysis using EGA-DARTFISH provided good visibility and reproducibility for measuring spinal sagittal alignment. In adult spinal deformity, the anteversion angle while walking is 6 degrees. EGA DARTFISH may be an appropriate alternative to SVA for measuring sagittal alignment.

Consent

Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for the image (s) used in this study. A copy of the written consent is available for review by the Editor of this journal.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Dokkyo Medical University Koshigaya Hospital

Copyright

© Katayanagi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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