Volume 10 Supplement 1

IRSSD 2014 Meeting Abstracts

Open Access

Monitoring LFCN damage during scoliosis surgery

  • Negar Behzadi Fard1,
  • Aleksandra Krajacic2,
  • Francois D Roy3,
  • Sarah Southon2 and
  • Kajsa Duke1, 4
Scoliosis201510(Suppl 1):P28

https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S1-P28

Published: 19 January 2015

Objective

During scoliosis surgery damage to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) has been reported in 20% of patients. The purpose of this study was to characterize intraoperative pressures at the patient cushion interface and examine the LFCN somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) to determine if there is any correlation to the incidence of LFCN injury.

Material and methods

Three pressure mats (FSA, Vista Medical, Winnipeg) were placed on the Jackson frame before positioning the patient. Data was continuously recorded during surgery and the average and maximum pressures on the chest, left and right hip/thigh region was calculated (Figure 1). The LFCN SSEP was tested by stimulating the anterolateral thigh and recording the evoked potentials over the somatosensory cortex. An increase in latency and/or decrease in SSEP amplitude may be indicative of LFCN dysfunction. At present, data on five patients was recorded. Post-operative evaluation of the front of the iliac crests is performed and the appearance of redness (Figure 2), blisters or pressure sores are documented. Additionally, after surgery, the patients were asked if they feel any numbness on the front of the thighs and manual tests for sensation were performed every day until discharge.
Figure 1

Sample pressure mat data on the a) Chest b) left hip area and c) right hip area

Figure 2

Redness over the iliac crest after surgery

Results

The continuous monitoring was interrupted during electrocautery. The changes in pressure on the chest pads were able to detect cyclic breathing. Increases in pressure were also noted at times such as screw placement or correction. Maximum and average pressure for the five cases is shown in Table 1. LFCN SSEP recordings were variable and the preliminary results are inconclusive. Two patients had numbness in one leg post-op. One of the injuries resolved on day four and the other was still evident on discharge.
Table 1

Average and maximum pressures for the five cases

 

chest

Left hip

Right hip

 

Case

Average (mmHg)

Max

Average (mmHg)

Max

Average (mmHg)

Max

Duration (hours)

1

51

310

23

175

22

357

6h3tf

2

42

220

29

303

34

371

6hl5'

3

68

310

29

199

27

313

4h27'

4

51

291

18

240

26

319

6hO2'

5

49

148

26

222

21

517

5h23'

Conclusions

Pressure on the LFCN during scoliosis surgery caused numbness in 2/5 patients. Pressure mats were able to record changes during surgery. More data is required to determine if there is any correlation between elevated pressure and LFCN injury.

Consent

Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for the image(s) used in this study. A copy of the written consent is available for review by the Editor of this journal.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta
(2)
Alberta Health Services, University of Alberta Hospital
(3)
Department of Surgery and Centre for Neuroscience, University of Alberta
(4)
Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Alberta

Copyright

© Behzadi Fard et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Advertisement