How much does the Dynamic Derotation Brace affect the surface deformity of children with idiopathic scoliosis?
© Grivas et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2007
Published: 12 October 2007
The effect of the Dynamic Derotation Brace (DDB) on angle of trunk inclination (ATI) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) children was studied.
A prospective clinical study for the assessment of the influence of the DDB, a modified Boston Brace  with antirotatory blades, on the surface deformity of conservatively treated scoliotics was performed.
Thirty-six scoliotic children (32 female, 4 male) with a mean age of 13.9 years (range 12–17 years), a mean Cobb angle of 28.2 degrees (range 19–38) and a mean angle of trunk inclination (ATI) of 7.8 degrees (range 4–17) were included in the study. The examined children were divided in three subgroups according to the curve type. All the children were treated with the DDB with antirotatory blades and they wore the brace for twenty-three hours per day for a minimum duration of two years. The ATI was assessed using the Pruijs scoliometer  during the first examination and during the follow up, with the children out of the brace.
For double curves, statistical analysis for ATI changes revealed that improvement in the thoracic region was not statistically significant (p < 0.088) but it was significant (p < 0.01) in the thoracolumbar and in the lumbar region (p < 0.013). For right thoracic curves, ATI improvement was not significant for all the examined regions. Finally for thoracolumbar curves ATI improved significantly in the thoracolumbar (p < 0.018) and in lumbar region (p < 0.027), but not in the thoracic region (p < 0.248).
The above findings indicate that in curves with a compensatory component (e.g. primary thoracic with compensatory lumbar curve), a deforming rotatory force is present, blocked by the derotatory action of the blades of the DDB, and seems to be more active in the lumbar spine. However DDB beneficially affects the surface deformity of AIS children with all but right thoracic curves.
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