Does bracing alter the natural history of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?
© Ogilvie et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009
Published: 14 December 2009
Orthotic treatment of children with AIS is a generally accepted treatment option. Failure of bracing to halt curve progression has been reported in 20% or more of patients, and it is known that some curves in children with AIS will not progress even if untreated. Success and failure rates of brace treatment vary considerably.
We reviewed the response to brace treatment in patients who were also analyzed with a DNA-based adolescent idiopathic scoliosis progression test (AIS-PT) and compared this with the natural history of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis without treatment. Our purpose was to document the influence of orthotic care on the outcome at skeletal maturity.
Medical records and x-rays were reviewed, and DNA was collected with a saliva sample in two cohorts of Caucasian female AIS patients. A risk of progression score was calculated using 53 genetic markers with utility for calculating the risk of AIS curve progression from < 25° to > 40° before skeletal maturity or > 50° at maturity (1-200). Group A (2442 females) had no brace treatment and their outcome at maturity or surgery was known. Group B (308 females) were brace compliant for more than one year and their curve severity at maturity or surgery was known.
In this retrospective study of US Caucasian females, there was no statistically significant difference in the natural history of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis when comparing bracing treatment and no bracing treatment. At best, there was only a modest brace effect. Prospective trials with genotype homogeneity are needed to validate current assumptions about the efficacy of orthotic types and treatment regimens when bracing adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.