Volume 7 Supplement 1

8th International Conference on Conservative Management of Spinal Deformities and SOSORT 2011 Annual Meeting

Open Access

Conservative treatment results of 39 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

  • H Yilmaz1 and
  • T Kuru2
Scoliosis20127(Suppl 1):O47

https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-7-S1-O47

Published: 27 January 2012

Background

Scoliosis conservative treatment’s goal is to maintain function, and prevent symptoms in the short and long-term and protect the health related quality of life. The purpose of this study was to analyze our conservative treatment results.

Materials and methods

  1. 39

    patients with AIS who did received a conservative treatment method included in the study allocated into three groups. 35 of our patients were female and 4 were male. 4 patients with 20°≥ Cobb angle enrolled into first group (exercise group). 24 patients did not want to receive an exercise programme so they included in 2. group (brace group). All of the patients worn CAD/CAM system-Chêneau-brace.11 patients in the 3. group worn brace and participated outpatient exercise programme. The mean 3 months changes -Treatment results- of three groups were analysed with SPSS.

     

Results

There were significant within-group pre-post treatment improvements of Cobb angle for brace and brace+exercise group. Analyses showed no significant differences in other parameters (see Table 1).
Table 1

Treatment results after 3 months

Treatment groups

Variables

Before treatment Mean ± SD

After treatment Mean ± SD

P value

Exercise and brace group (n:11)

Max Cobb°

34.38±9.24

29.37±10.86

0.024

 

Vertebral rotation°

10.63±5.67

9.57±5.62

0.162

 

Rib Hump°

15.55±9.70

11.66±8.01

0.120

Brace group (n:24)

Max Cobb°

34.00±8.56

28.60±10.24

0.000

 

Vertebral rotation°

8.82±4.59

7.21±4.46

0.072

 

Rib Hump°

24.18±14.62

19.25±12.76

0.328

Exercise group (n:4)

Max Cobb°

20.56±3.00

19.28±1.00

0.664

 

Vertebral rotation°

5.50±1.29

4.52±2.12

0.205

 

Rib Hump°

4.00±6.92

4.26±3.54

0.653

Conclusion

In the conservative treatment of AIS, making the right decision about patient, brace and exercise is very important.

Our study have some limitations, our follow up time was short and we did not have enough patients in each group so we could not compare groups results.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University PMR Department
(2)
Istanbul University, School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

Copyright

© Yilmaz and Kuru; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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