Volume 7 Supplement 1

8th International Conference on Conservative Management of Spinal Deformities and SOSORT 2011 Annual Meeting

Open Access

Airway function in adults with mild-to-moderate scoliosis treated in adolescence with specific physical exercises. An ongoing, case-control study

  • M Plaszewski1,
  • R Nowobilski2,
  • P Kowalski3,
  • J Terech4,
  • M Cieslinski1, 5 and
  • I Cieslinski1, 5
Scoliosis20127(Suppl 1):O55

https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-7-S1-O55

Published: 27 January 2012

Background

Scoliosis can lead to a decrease in total lung capacity (TLC) and alterations in maximal flow – volume curves, associated with structural deformities and curve magnitude, but also with chronicity of the problem and respiratory muscle inefficiency [14]. However, evidence confirming the assumption of beneficial, long lasting influence of scoliosis specific exercise on respiratory function is lacking.

Purpose

We aimed to analyze respiratory function in adults with history of participation in a scoliosis – specific exercise program, in comparison to normative values and to age-matched subjects, with reference to confounders: smoking and physical activity.

Materials and methods

Maximal flow-volume curves, ventilatory parameters (vital capacity - VC, forced VC in exertion and in insertion = FVCin and FVCex) and TLC values were analyzed in 25 adults (22 females), who attended in adolescence (from 1984 to 1995, at initial age of 11 - 13) the Centre of Corrective and Compensatory Gymnastics, Bielsko–Biala, Poland. The WHO General Physical Activity Questionnaire was also completed. The non-parametric rang Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA was performed among subgroups with moderate and mild scoliosis (>40° Cobb, n=3; 25-39°, n=2; 10-24°, n=20, respectively) and compared to 17 age–matched normal controls (11 females).

Results

Generally, scoliotic subjects did not differ significantly from controls and normal values. However, FVCin was below normal values (x=86.4% in 10-24° Cobb), VC and TLC means differed nonsignificantly (p=.070 and p=.074, respectively).

Conclusion

In general, the results suggest satisfactory lung functioning, but FVCin analysis indicates inspiratory inefficiency, regardless severity of the deformation.

Acknowledgements

This paper is a part of a research project DS.136, University School of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
University School of Physical Education
(2)
Department of Medicine, Jagiellonian University School of Medicine
(3)
Higher School of Administration
(4)
Complex Hospital for Tuberculosis and Pulmonary Diseases
(5)
Faculty of Physical Education in Biala Podlaska

References

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  3. Koumbourlis AC: Scoliosis and the respiratory system. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2006, 7: 152-160. 10.1016/j.prrv.2006.04.009.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Trobisch P, Suess O, Schwab F: Idiopathic scoliosis. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2010, 107: 875-883.PubMed CentralPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Plaszewski et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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