- Oral presentation
- Open Access
Some possibilities of correction and compensation in body posture regulation among children and youth with low degree scoliosis
© Nowotny et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012
- Published: 27 January 2012
- Weight Distribution
- Body Posture
- Lateral Spine
- Spine Curvature
- Compensatory Change
Postural alignments, secondary curves of spine and tendency to unequal body weight distribution are the compensatory mechanisms in scoliosis, eventually leading to disturbances in the regulation of body posture. The pathological pattern of incorrect posture, evokes a vicious circle of causes and effects, which probably includes alterations in body weight distribution to both feet [1–4].
To examine the role of equal weight loading of both feet in posture regulation among children and adolescents with low-degree scoliosis.
A total of 115 participants, aged 7-19 years, were divided into three groups: low degree scoliosis (10-26° Cobb; n = 56), scoliotic posture (5-9°; n = 29), and without lateral spine curvature (n = 30). Three measurements of body arrangement and the weight distribution on feet were simultaneously taken using the photogrammetry and the podographic platform: in a free standing position, while attempt to correct body arrangement and with equal loading of both feet.
Unequal weight distribution was observed in free standing position in patients with scoliosis. Attempts to correct body arrangement worsened existing disproportion, especially in the left-side curvatures. Equal feet loading lead to the body disarrangement, even among non – scoliotic subjects.
In subjects with low degree scoliosis the compensatory changes in the spatial arrangement of the body are usually accompanied by asymmetric distribution of foot pressure and the active attempt to correct the curvature enhances this asymmetry. Attempts to maintain symmetrical distribution of body weight result in significant deterioration of the posturometric parameters.
- Kavounoudias A, Roll R, Roll JP: Foot sole and ankle muscle inputs contribute jointly to human erect posture regulation. J Physiol. 2001, 532: 869-878. 10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.0869e.x.PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Nowotny J, Nowotny-Czupryna O, Czupryna K: Various attitudes to the use of corrective exercises in conservative treatment of scoliosis. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil. 2010, 12: 1-11.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- van der Kooij H, Jakobs R, Koopman B, Grootenboer H: A multisensory integration model of human stance control. Biol Cybern. 1999, 80 (5): 299-308. 10.1007/s004220050527.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Smart LJ, Smith DS: Postural dynamics: clinical and empirical implication. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2001, 24 (5): 340-349. 10.1067/mmt.2001.115262.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.