A simple method of spinal length assessment in patients with idiopathic scoliosis
© Tyrakowski et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 3 June 2013
The height of patients with idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is diminished due to the curvature of the spine. Several clinical parameters (BMI, vital capacity, others) are dependent on the patient’s height [1, 2]. We developed a formula to calculate the corrected length of the spine in patients with IS, based on the presumption that scoliotic curve may be considered a part of a circle.
The aim of the study was to calculate the corrected length of the spine using our own formula, and compare it with the length directly measured on radiographs.
On the AP long film standing radiographs of 40 consecutive patients, undergoing surgery for IS, the Cobb angle (α) and the direct distance (h) between the upper end vertebra and the lower end vertebra (centroid of vertebral body) were measured. The length of the spinal curvature (c) was calculated in the computer program using the formula: c=αh/2sinα/2 For each patient the calculated length was compared to the length of the curvature measured on the radiograph. Shapiro-Wilk W test, t-Student’s test, and Pearson’s linear correlation were used.
There was no statistically significant difference between the length of the scoliotic curve measured on radiograph and the length calculated with software (p=0.54). A strong correlation between these two parameters was found, Pearson linear correlation coefficient 0.98.
The method of correcting the spine length according to the Cobb angle seems to be simple and accurate. It needs only one additional parameter measured on the radiograph – the distance between the two end vertebrae. However, it concerns only the frontal plane. The software may be used on personal computers as well as on mobile phones, and thus help in everyday clinical practice.
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