Chiropractic care is a healthcare discipline that focuses upon the diagnosis and treatment of problems that affect the alignment of the muscles and bones of the body. According to the National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, 2.7 million visits are made each year in the U.S. to chiropractors for scoliosis and scoliosis-related complaints. Despite the frequency with which chiropractic services are employed for scoliosis, there is insufficient evidence to draw conclusions on the chiropractic treatment of scoliosis; the majority of published papers are case reports, with the only exception being a cohort study by Lantz et al. that finds little benefit to the practices commonly employed by most chiropractors in the treatment of scoliosis. Recognizing this, a novel chiropractic protocol for the evaluation, assessment, and treatment of scoliosis was developed by the CLEAR (Chiropractic Leadership, Educational Advancement, and Research) Scoliosis Institute, a non-profit organization. Chiropractic doctors become certified in these methods to provide care to scoliosis patients.