Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:16
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It has been propagated that patients with Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) exhibit “clinical triad” findings (CTFs), known as a short neck, low posterior hairline, and limited cervical range of motion (ROM). Howeve...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:15
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a frequent disease but its etiology remains unknown. Gender prevalence in females is already known and there are many suggested hypotheses to explain its origin and man...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:4
The use of dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis suits as an orthotic intervention in the management of children with neuropathic onset scoliosis: A retrospective audit of routine clinical case notes
To date the main treatment approach for neuropathic onset scoliosis has utilised thoracic lumbar sacral orthoses (TLSO) to stabilize the spine and enable stable sitting. Dynamic elastomeric fabric orthoses (DE...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:14
A reliability and validity study for Scolioscan: a radiation-free scoliosis assessment system using 3D ultrasound imaging
Radiographic evaluation for patients with scoliosis using Cobb method is the current gold standard, but radiography has radiation hazards. Several groups have recently demonstrated the feasibility of using 3D ...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:13
Correlation of cervical sagittal alignment parameters on full-length spine radiographs compared with dedicated cervical radiographs
Radiographic parameters to evaluate the cervical spine in adult deformity using 36-inch films have been proposed. While 36-inch films are used to evaluate spinal deformity, dedicated cervical films are more co...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:12
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a common disease. It is a multi-factorial (polygenic) disease controlled by genetic and environmental factors. Studies searching for genetic factors of AIS using linkag...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:5
Health-related quality of life of adolescents conservatively treated for idiopathic scoliosis in Korea: a cross-sectional study
Young adolescents with scoliosis are more likely than adults to experience psychological distress affecting health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Adolescence is a sensitive period of psychological developmen...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:11
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:10
Curve progression 25 years after bracing for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: long term comparative results between two matched groups of 18 versus 23 hours daily bracing
Scoliotic curves do not necessarily stop progressing at skeletal maturity. The factors that influence curve behavior following bracing are not fully determined. Our objectives were to evaluate the loss of the ...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:3
Jeune syndrome (asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy) is an autosomal recessive disorder with constriction and narrowing of the thorax. To our knowledge, there are no reports regarding spinal deformity and correcti...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:7
The use of growth standards and corrective formulae to calculate the height loss caused by idiopathic scoliosis
Loss of trunk height caused by scoliosis has been previously assessed using different mathematical formulae. However, these are of differing algebraic construction and will give a range of values for the same ...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:6
Is lumbar facet joint tropism developmental or secondary to degeneration? An international, large-scale multicenter study by the AOSpine Asia Pacific Research Collaboration Consortium
Facet joint tropism is asymmetry in orientation of the bilateral facets. Some studies have shown that tropism may increase the risk of disc degeneration and herniations, as well as degenerative spondylolisthes...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:9
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS): a multifactorial cascade concept for pathogenesis and embryonic origin
This paper formulates a novel multifactorial Cascade Concept for the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This Concept stems from the longitudinal findings of Clark et al. (J Bone Miner Res 2...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:8
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:2
The durability of adult spinal deformity surgery remains problematic. Revision rates above 20 % have been reported, with a range of causes including wound infection, nonunion and adjacent level pathology. Whil...
Citation: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 2016 11:1
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis is the most common type of spinal deformity, and whilst the isk of progression appears to be biomechanically mediated (larger deformities are more likely to progress), the detai...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:35
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:34
A control study was designed to investigate circulating Ghrelin levels in adolescent girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and controls. Eating behavioral disorders, endocrine disorders, abnormal gr...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:33
Many years of bracing represent a burden to the patients. Early weaning may be the result of poor compliance, but may also be planned in patients with a long expected treatment time and a reduced stable primar...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:32
Post-operative shoulder imbalance in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a study of clinical photographs
Retrospective observational study.
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:31
Risk factors for rod fracture after posterior correction of adult spinal deformity with osteotomy: a retrospective case-series
Osteotomies including pedicle subtraction (PSO) and/or Smith-Peterson (SPO) are used to facilitate surgical correction of adult spinal deformity (ASD), but are associated with complications including instrumen...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:30
Patient-reported side effects immediately after chiropractic scoliosis treatment: a cross-sectional survey utilizing a practice-based research network
Concern exists regarding the potential for chiropractic treatment to cause adverse effects in individuals with scoliosis. The aim of this paper is to present the self-reported responses of 189 scoliosis patien...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:29
Many reports had been received on the application of antifibrinolytic medications on spinal corrective surgery and the surgical outcome evaluations of its efficacy on reducing blood loss. This study aimed to a...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:28
The effect of Schroth exercises added to the standard of care on the quality of life and muscle endurance in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis—an assessor and statistician blinded randomized controlled trial: “SOSORT 2015 Award Winner”
In North America, care recommendations for adolescents with small idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) curves include observation or bracing. Schroth scoliosis-specific exercises have demonstrated promising results on v...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:24
The main purpose of this research was to develop a new method for differentiating between scoliotic and healthy subjects by analysing the curvatures of their spines in the cranio-caudal view.
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:25
Surgical results with the use of Silicated Calcium Phosphate (SiCaP) as bone graft substitute in Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF) for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS)
The gold standard iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) used to achieve arthrodesis in spinal fusions is not without complications (donor-site morbidity, iliac wing fractures etc.…). Our objectives were to evaluate the r...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:27
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:26
SOSORT Award Winner 2015: a multicentre study comparing the SPoRT and ART braces effectiveness according to the SOSORT-SRS recommendations
Data comparing different braces for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) are scant. The SRS criteria represent some guidelines for comparing results from different studies, but controlled studies are much mor...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:23
Since 1962 to the mid eighties the Harrington Rod instrumentation was the Golden standard for surgical treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). The Boston braces were introduced in the 1970´s and ar...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:22
The publication of research in the field of conservative treatment of scoliosis is increasing after a long period of progressive decline. In 2014, three high quality and scientifically sound papers gave new st...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:21
Scoliosis-Specific exercises can reduce the progression of severe curves in adult idiopathic scoliosis: a long-term cohort study
Scoliosis fusion surgery is generally considered the only means to stop the progression of adult idiopathic scoliosis (ADIS), but for patients refusing surgery there is lack of evidence in favour of conservati...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:20
RETRACTED ARTICLE: Relationship between bone density and bone metabolism in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
Several authors have confirmed that 27 to 38 % of AIS patients had osteopenia. But few studies have assessed bone metabolism in AIS. This study assessed bone mineral density and bone metabolism in AIS patients...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:19
The spinal curvature in patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) causes an asymmetry of upper body postural alignment, which might affect postural balance. However, the currently available studies o...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:18
Analytical comparison study of the clinical and radiological outcome of spine fixation using posterolateral, posterior lumber interbody and transforaminal lumber interbody spinal fixation techniques to treat lumber spine degenerative disc disease
Degenerative disc disease is a common cause of chronic and disabling back pain that requires surgical intervention, posterolateral and posterior instrumental fixation (PLF), posterior lumber interbody fusion (...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:17
Scoliosis Research Society members attitudes towards physical therapy and physiotherapeutic scoliosis specific exercises for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
Attitudes regarding non-operative treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) may be changing with the publication of BRAiST. Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis Specific Exercises (PSSE) are used to treat AIS...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:16
Axial pullout strength comparison of different screw designs: fenestrated screw, dual outer diameter screw and standard pedicle screw
The pullout strength of pedicle screws is influenced by many factors, including diameter of the screws, implant design, and augmentation with bone cement such as PMMA. In the present study, the pullout strengt...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:15
There are a number of syndromes that have historically been associated with scoliosis e.g.: Marfan, Down, and Neurofibromatosis. These syndromes have been grouped together as one etiology of scoliosis, known a...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:14
Ultrasound-assisted brace casting for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, IRSSD Best research paper 2014
Brace treatment is the most effective non-surgical treatment for AIS. High initial in-brace correction increases successful brace treatment outcomes. The objective of this study was to investigate if real-time...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:13
Efficacy of the Osaka Medical College (OMC) brace in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis following Scoliosis Research Society brace studies criteria
The efficacy of brace treatment for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) remains controversial. To make comparisons among studies more valid and reliable, the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) ha...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:12
Predictive factors of Osaka Medical College (OMC) brace treatment in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
Factors influencing clinical course of brace treatment apply to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients remain unclear. By making clear them, we may select suitable patients for brace treatment and alle...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:11
“Bone-οn-Bone” surgical reconstruction of moderate severity, flexible single curve adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: continuing improvements of the technique and results in three scoliosis centers after almost twenty years of use
The “bone-on-bone” reconstruction for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is reviewed in this article. Extensive use over the past 18 years has identified it’s functional benefits outstanding clinical results, and...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:10
Several authors have confirmed that 27 to 38% of AIS patients had osteopenia. But few studies have assessed bone metabolism in AIS. This study assessed bone mineral density and bone metabolism in AIS patients ...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:9
Recommendations for research studies on treatment of idiopathic scoliosis: Consensus 2014 between SOSORT and SRS non–operative management committee
The two main societies clinically dealing with idiopathic scoliosis are the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), founded in 1966, and the international Society on Scoliosis Orthopedic and Rehabilitation Treatment...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:8
The Editor of Scoliosis would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2014).
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:7
Physical activities of Patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS): preliminary longitudinal case–control study historical evaluation of possible risk factors
To our knowledge there are no publications that have evaluated physical activities in relation to the etiopathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) other than sports scolioses. In a preliminary lon...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:6
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is often associated with low bone mineral content and density (BMC, BMD). Bracing, used to manage spine curvature, may interfere with the growth-related BMC accrual, resul...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10:5
HRQoL assessment by SRS-30 for Chinese patients with surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS)
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcome questionnaire, Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-30, had been well received since its establishment in 2003. Literatures from Asia on the use of SRS-30 mainly focu...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10(Suppl 2):S19
Mid- and long-term clinical outcomes of corrective fusion surgery which did not achieve sufficient pelvic incidence minus lumbar lordosis value for adult spinal deformity
Recent studies have demonstrated sagittal spinal balance was more important than coronal balance in terms of clinical result of surgery for adult spinal deformity. Notably, Schwab reported that one of the targ...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10(Suppl 2):S17
Comparison of biomechanical behavior between a cast material torso jacket and a polyethylene based jacket
Numerous designs are used to the treatment of Early Onset Scoliosis. For example, a Thoraco-Lumbo-Sacral Orthosis (TLSO) is constructed using Polyethylene (PE). In addition, a series of castings has been imple...
Citation: Scoliosis 2015 10(Suppl 2):S15